How to install & set up Linux on a Mac


How do I install and configure Linux on a Mac?

Linux is an attention-grabbing and hardly less identified work system – although the tech-savvy readers will most likely know a little about it. In the twin worlds of Windows and Apple, Linux has a facet, supplies heavy servers with power and is used by software program creators.

There are many good reasons to be interested in Linux. Like Mac MacOS, it has legacy with Unix (or at least one Unix clone called GNU). Some Linux desktops that correspond to Ubuntu Unity are inherently comparable to the Aqua Person interface (used in macOS).

Linux can also be extremely versatile and can be used for everything from mobile phones to supercomputers. This makes it the ultimate for setting up on older computers, e.g. B. due to the previous MacBooks made of polycarbonate. They won’t even use the latest Mac OS X model, let alone macOS. However, you can run a current model of Ubuntu Linux without fear.

Linux is rightly liked by builders. If you want to code, it can be helpful to go to Linux. It turns out that macOS (in a way) is higher than Windows to improve software programs. Linux is, however, even more convenient to use.

The open source nature ensures that code is shared freely and applications and options are sometimes simply eliminated as “apt” (don’t worry, you will find out what apt is later).

Apple Macs are nice Linux machines. You can install it on any Mac with an Intel processor. If you stick to one of the many larger variants, you will have little problem with the setup history of.

Get this: You can even install Ubuntu Linux on a PowerPC Mac (the previous type with G5 processors). And we’re not talking about an earlier Linux model. We’re talking about Ubuntu 16.04 (and even the latest beta from 16.10). Both can be found as PowerPC image files thanks to the rather lively group support and the request to use previous G5 Macs as servers.

See also:

Parallels, VMware, VirtualBox and Boot Camp against it

Evaluate Parallels Desktop for Mac

How to install Linux on a Mac: which Linux model to choose?

The very first thing you need to know is that there are completely different Linux variants. These are called “distributions” and each offer a completely different level of expertise. Which 1 you choose depends on what kind of expertise you need. Here are some to choose from:

  • Ubuntu. This is the preferred alternative for newbies and uses a desktop interface called Unity, which could be very comparable to macOS. It could be the best place to start.
  • Linux Mint. This caused waves not so long ago and is a nice change from Ubuntu. You can choose different desktops (cinnamon or MATE are preferred). While Unity looks like OS X, Mint feels more like Windows.
  • Kubuntu. This combines the Ubuntu model of Linux with another desktop called KDE Plasma. The desktop is usually considered very effective and offers many more options.
  • Debian. The setup is a bit more advanced than Ubuntu or Mint. However, Debian offers many options and is widely used in server software programs.
  • Fedora. This is usually at the forefront of expertise, and you’ll usually find options here that will later apply the method to different distributions (and even macOS). However, it often crashes and is not good for newbies.

We recommend that you only start with Ubuntu. However, it is fairly easy to install all of the completely different Linux variants, and nothing prevents you from doing all three (and more) attempts earlier than deciding which 1 you need.

Install Linux on a Mac: Use a virtualization software program

By far the easiest way to install Linux on a Mac is to use a virtualization software program that corresponds to VirtualBox or Parallels Desktop. Since Linux can run on previous {hardware}, it is usually positive to run in a digital environment within OS X.

VirtualBox is a free environment, although Parallels Desktop is very effective and easier to install. We therefore recommend using Parallels Desktop for Mac first. A 14-day free trial is offered at Parallels.com. Follow these steps to install Linux on a Mac with Parallels Desktop.

  1. Download a Linux distribution file and reserve it in your download folder. The file has the extension “.iso”. Click here to download Ubuntu.
  2. Open Parallels Desktop and choose File> New.
  3. Select Install Windows or 1 other operating system from a DVD or image file. Click on Continue.
  4. Parallels automatically finds all suitable ISO files on your system. Highlight Ubuntu Linux (or the 1 you need to install) and click Next.
  5. Fill in the fields Full Name, Username, Password and Check Password. Click on Continue.
  6. By default, the virtualization file is saved in your user folder. Click Location if you want to change it. Otherwise, just click Next.

Parallels installs Linux in the digital environment. Click it in Parallels Desktop Control Center to use it.

To install Linux on a Mac: Replace OS X / macOS with Linux

Running Linux in a digital environment is all well and good. However, if you are an experienced Linux user, choose to completely change OS X and only use Linux. If so, share more computer assets and get a nice Linux computer.

Installing Linux on a Mac is not as easy as installing it on an older Windows computer. You also want to make some changes in the setup history of. You want a USB stick (with at least 8 GB free space). You’ll also lose your MacOS / OS X setup (we don’t recommend trying to dual boot OS X and Linux as they use completely different file technologies and there are many reported issues).

Be warned that you will also lose your OS X recovery partition. So resetting to OS X or macOS is a long way. However, here are instructions on how to deal with it: Restore a Mac without a recovery partition

To install Linux on a Mac:

  1. Download your Linux distribution on Mac. We recommend Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS if this is your first Linux setup. Save the file in your download folder.
  2. Download and install an app called Etcher from Etcher.io. This is used to copy the ISO file for Linux set up on your USB drive.
  3. Open Etcher and click the Settings icon in the right corner. Check the box in unsafe mode and click Yes. Go on. Then click Back.
  4. Click Select Image. Choose ubuntu-16.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso (or the image you downloaded in step 1).
  5. Insert your USB stick. As a reminder, the US flash drive could be erased during this setup process. Make sure you have nothing on it.
  6. Under Select station, click Change. Take a close look and select the hard drive that corresponds to the dimensions of your USB stick. It should be / dev / disk1 if you only have one tedious drive on your Mac. Or / dev / disk2, / dev / disk3 etc. (if you have more hard drives connected). Do not choose / dev / disk0. This is your arduous drive. Select / dev / disk0 and you will also erase your tedious MacOS hard drive. You have been warned!
  7. Click Flash! Wait for the ISO file to be copied to the USB flash drive.
  8. Remove the USB flash drive from your Mac.
  9. Shut down the Mac on which you need to install Linux and connect it to the USB stick.
  10. Turn on the Mac while holding down the Option key.
  11. Select the EFI startup selection on the home screen and press Enter.
  12. You’ll see a black and white screen with the option to try Ubuntu and install Ubuntu. Do not select any, but press “e” to edit the startup product.
  13. Edit the street starting with Linux and put the expression “nomodeset” after “quiet splash”. The entire line should read: “linux /casper/vmlinuz.efi file = / cdrom / preseed / ubuntu.seed boot = casper quiet splash nomodeset -. (See screenshot below.)
  14. Press F10.
  15. Ubuntu boots in test mode.
  16. Double-click the “Install Ubuntu” icon.
  17. Select English and then Next.
  18. Select the “Install this third-party software” option and click “Next”.
  19. For the / dev / sdb warning, click Yes.
  20. Select “Erase hard drive and install Ubuntu” and click “Next”.
  21. Make sure that Select Drive shows the most arduous main drive. Click Install Now. Click Next in the warning window.
  22. Select your location on the map and click Next.
  23. Choose your keyboard structure and click Next.
  24. Enter the title and password you need to use.
  25. Click Next and Linux will start typing.
  26. When the setup is full, you may be able to log in using the title and password you chose during setup.

Above: step 12

Installing Linux on your Mac will remove all the OS X files you set up along with the recovery partition. To reinstall OS X, you want to use the thumbstick to create an OS X recovery CD.

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